Sustainable Development Goals

 

 

In September 2015, the United Nations Member States adopted a new global plan of action entitled, “Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.”  The 2030 Agenda, its 17 Goals and 169 targets are a universal set of goals and targets that aim to stimulate people-centered and planet-sensitive change.
 
The 193 member states of the United Nations (UN) gathered to affirm commitments towards ending all forms of poverty, fighting inequalities and increasing country’s productive capacity, increasing social inclusion and curbing climate change and protecting the environment while ensuring that no one is left behind over the next fifteen years.
 
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets are integrated and indivisible, global in nature and universally applicable, and take into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities.  Each government are expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks, set nationally-owned targets guided by the global level of ambition but taking into account country-level circumstances for the achievement of the 17 goals.  Countries will also decide how these aspirational and global targets should be incorporated in national planning processes, policies and strategies. 
 
In monitoring the SDGs and its corresponding targets, the UN Statistical Commission established an Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDG), which developed the SDG global indicator framework consisting of 232 unique indicators.
 
In line with the Philippines' commitment in achieving the SDGs, the PSA Board issued PSA Resolution No. 04 Series of 2016, Enjoining Government Agencies to Provide Data Support to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  In this Resolution, all concerned government agencies are enjoined to provide the necessary data support to monitor the country's performance vis-à-vis the SDGs based on the indicator framework that shall be determined by NEDA, PSA and other government agencies.  Further, the Resolution designated the PSA as the official repository of SDG indicators in the Philippines.

 

About the SDGs

 

  1. What is SDG?

    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is also known as the Global Goals. The SDGs are new, universal set of goals, targets and indicators that UN member states will be expected to use to frame country agendas and policies over the next 15 years. It consists of 17 goals, 169 targets and 232 unique indicators. There are 244 indicators listed in the final indicator. However, since nine indicators repeat under two or three different targets, the actual total number of individual indicators in the list is 232.

  2. How can UN Member states achieve the SDGs?

    For the countries to achieve the SDGs, they must get not only additional financial resources from both domestic and external sources, but should also formulate policies and set up an institutional environment that will ensure that the resources are used efficiently and effectively.

  3. How are the Sustainable Development Goals different from MDGs?

    The SDGs build on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which embodies specific targets and milestones in eliminating extreme poverty and the worst forms of human deprivation. The SDGs expanded its scope to 17 goals from the eight (8) goals in the MDGs, which covers universal goals on fighting inequalities, increasing economic growth, providing decent jobs, sustainable cities and human settlements, industrialization, tackling ecosystems, oceans, climate change, sustainable consumption and production as well as building peace and strengthening justice and institutions. Unlike the MDGs, which only targets the developing countries, the SDGs apply to all countries whether rich, middle or poor countries. The SDGs are also nationally-owned and country-led, wherein each country is given the freedom to establish a national framework in achieving the SDGs.

      MDGs SDGs
    Number of Goals 8 17
    Number of Targets 21 169
    Number of Indicators 60 232
    General scope/ focus Social Economic growth, social inclusion & environmental protection
    Target Developing countries, particularly the poorest Entire world (rich and poor)
    Formulation Produced by a group of experts

    Result of consultation process among:

    -193 UN Member States
    -Civil society
    -Other stakeholders