Friday, April 22, 2022
An average of 214 registered babies born daily in the region
A total of 78,461 live births was registered in Davao Region in 2020 which is equivalent to a crude birth rate (CBR) of 14.8 or 15 births per thousand population. On the average, there were about 214 registered babies born daily or 9 babies per hour.
The number of registered live births from 2010 to 2016 showed an increasing trend, except in the year 2013. A decreasing trend was observed from 2016 to 2020 (Figure 1 and Table 1).
In the region, more than half (51.9%) of the babies registered were males (40,712), while females comprised of 37,749 or 48.1 percent. This resulted to a sex ratio of 108 male babies per 100 female babies.
Most births occur in October
In 2020, most of registered births occurred in January (9.4%), followed by the months of September and October with 9.0 percent each.
On the other hand, the month of December had the least number of births at 7.6 percent (Figure 2).
Highest occurrence of birth in Davao City
Among the provinces and Highly Urbanized City in Davao Region, Davao City recorded the highest number of registered birth occurrences in 2020 at 38.0 percent (29,831) followed by Davao del Norte with 25.6 percent or 20,089 births (Figure 3).
The provinces of Davao de Oro, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental have registered live births of 10,147 (12.9%), 9,883 (12.6%) and 7,175 (9.1%), respectively.
On the other hand, Davao Occidental had the least registered number of live births at 1.7 percent (1,336).
More registered babies born outside the usual place of residence of the mother in Davao del Norte and Davao City
Davao del Norte and Davao City reported more birth occurrences in the province/HUC than the number of births from its residents in 2020. Davao del Norte reported positive differentials of 2,408 births, while 1,794 for Davao City (Table 2).
These positive differentials may be indicative of expectant mothers’ preference to give birth outside their usual place of residence and avail better services in existing health facilities of these receiving areas.
On the other hand, provinces with negative differentials indicated that there were more mothers that had given birth outside their usual place of residence. Davao de Oro registered the largest negative differential with a total of 1,387 and followed by Davao Oriental with 1,008.
Davao Region is considered as a receiving region or a preference of expectant mothers from neighboring regions, which brought a positive differential in the number of births by place of occurrence when compared to the number of births by usual residence of the mother.
Nineteen out of twenty births attended by health professionals
Of the total number of births in the region, 97.4 percent was attended by medical professionals such as physicians, nurses or midwives (Figure 4).
It is worth to note that births attended by health professionals is increasing (93.0% in 2016, 95.1% in 2017, 96.8% in 2018, 97.2% in 2019 and 97.4% in 2020).
There were 1,860 births which were attended by traditional birth attendants (hilot/unlicensed midwife) while the remaining share was served by other attendants at birth.
The births attended by traditional birth attendants decreased from 2.5 percent in 2019 to 2.4 percent in 2020.
Among provinces including the Highly Urbanized City in Davao Region, Davao City had registered the highest proportion of birth deliveries attended by medical professionals at 98.3 percent. This was followed by Davao de Oro (97.6%) and Davao del Norte (97.4%) (Table 3).
Davao Occidental had the least proportion of births attended by health professionals at 86.3 percent. Three out of twenty (13.7%) birth deliveries in this province were attended by traditional birth attendants.
Nineteen out of twenty birth delivered in health facilities
In 2020, 97.1 percent of births were delivered in a health facility (hospital, birthing clinic, lying in, outpatient care center, and the like). Only 2.5 percent of total births were delivered at home and 0.4 percent were delivered in other locations (Figure 5).
Majority of babies were born to mothers aged 20-24 years old
Majority of registered births had mothers aged 20-24 years old (20,873 or 26.6%). Babies born to adolescent mothers or those who are younger than 20 years old comprised of 10,140 or 12.9 percent. About 14.4 percent of births were to mothers 35 years old and over.
More than half of the registered babies born to unwed mothers
More than half (47,152 or 60.7%) of live births whose mothers are residents of Davao Region were born out of wedlock. These birth occurrences in Davao Region contributed a 5.4 percent share to the national total number of illegitimate children in 2020.
Data on births presented in this release were obtained from the Certificates of Live Birth (Municipal Form No. 102) that were registered at the Office of the City/Municipal Civil Registrars in Davao Region and forwarded to the Philippine Statistics Authority. Information presented includes registered births which occurred from January to December 2020.
Live Birth is a complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached; each product of such birth is considered live born.
SUPPORT THE 2015-2024 CRVS DECADE
President Benigno S. Aquino III signed Proclamation No. 1106 on August 20, 2015 which declared the years 2015 to 2024 as Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade (CRVS). Said proclamation is a concrete manifestation of the Philippine government’s support to the outcome of the Ministerial Conference on CRVS in Asia and the Pacific held in November 2014 in Bangkok, Thailand.
RUBEN D. ABARO, JR., CESE