Among the provinces in Region XI, Davao del Norte had the highest per capita income requirement in 2018 with PhP27,031 up by 13.5 percent compared to 2015 estimate of PhP23,807. On the other hand, Davao Occidental had the lowest annual per capita poverty threshold in the same period with PhP25,063 up by 9.9 percent compared to 2015 level of PhP22,809. Similarly, in 2018, Davao del Norte and Davao Occidental had the highest at PhP19,030 and lowest at PhP17,501 per capita food threshold, respectively.
14 out of 100 families are poor
The poverty incidence of families in Davao Region was estimated at 13.7 percent, or roughly one out of five families was estimated to be poor in 2018. The estimate was lower than the 2015 and 2012 poverty incidence figures, which were estimated at 18.0 percent and 25.0 percent, respectively. Similarly, the estimated number of poor families has dropped down by 16.6 percent from 211,480 in 2015 to 176,390 in 2018.
Meanwhile, the proportion of Davaoeno families in extreme poverty whose incomes are not sufficient to meet basic food needs stood at 3.6 percent, which is 2.2 percentage points lower than the 5.8 percent estimate in 2015. Consequently, the estimated number of extremely subsistence poor families significantly dropped by 32.2 percent from 68,460 in 2015 to 46,420 in 2018.
19 out of 100 Davaoeños are poor
The latest poverty estimates also indicated that 19 out of 100 Davaoeños were not able to meet the basic food and non-food requirements in 2018. The figure was an 4.6 percentage points decline compared to the 2015 estimate of 23.5 percent. The magnitude of poor population likewise declined by 15.5 percent from 1.1 million in 2015 to 969 thousand in 2018.
Davao's poverty incidence is the lowest in Mindanao
In the clustering of provinces in Davao Region, based on poverty incidences among families between 2015 and 2018, Davao Occidental and Davao del Norte improved from cluster 1 to cluster 2 and from cluster 3 to cluster 4, respectively. Compostela Valley and Davao del Sur remained in cluster 3 and cluster 4, respectively, while Davao Oriental moved from cluster 3 to cluster 2.